Answer the following question in 120 – 150 words:
Garbage to them is gold. How do ragpickers of Seemapuri survive?
Seemapuri is a place on the outskirts of New Delhi. Those who live there are unlawful residents who came from Bangladesh in 1971. It is a place where about 10,000 rag pickers live. They live without identity and have no basic amenities, yet they are happy here because they get food which is more important than identity. It is a slum where they could find many things and rag picking was their only means of survival.
Rag picking was the means of survival for the rag pickers. According to the author, it is their daily bread, a roof over their heads, even if it is a leaking roof. Thus, it is equivalent to gold for them. Besides, for the children it is wrapped in wonder for they, at times, chance upon a rupee, even a ten-rupee note.
Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :
We sit in the last row, bumped about but free of stares. The bus rolls out of the dull crossroads of the city, and we are soon in open countryside, with fields of sunflowers as far as the eye can see, their heads all facing us. Where there is no water, the land reverts to desert. While still on level ground we see in the distance the tall range of the Mount Bogda, abrupt like a shining prism laid horizontally on the desert surface. It is over 5,000 metres high, and the peaks are under permanent snow, in powerful contrast to the flat desert all around. Heaven Lake lies part of the way up this range, about 2,000 metres above sealevel, at the foot of one of the higher snow-peaks.
As the bus climbs, the sky, brilliant before, grows overcast. I have brought nothing warm to wear: it is all down at the hotel in Urumqi. Rain begins to fall. The man behind me is eating overpoweringly smelly goat’s cheese. The bus window leaks inhospitably but reveals a beautiful view. We have passed quickly from desert through arable land to pasture, and the ground is now green with grass, the slopes dark with pine. A few cattle drink at a clear stream flowing past moss-covered stones; it is a Constable landscape. The stream changes into a white torrent, and as we climb higher I wish more and more that I had brought with me something warmer than the pair of shorts that have served me so well in the desert. The stream (which, we are told, rises in Heaven Lake) disappears, and we continue our slow ascent. About noon, we arrive at Heaven Lake, and look for a place to stay at the foot, which is the resort area. We get a room in a small cottage, and I am happy to note that there are thick quilts on the beds.
Standing outside the cottage we survey our surroundings. Heaven Lake is long, sardine-shaped and fed by snowmelt from a stream at its head. The lake is an intense blue, surrounded on all sides by green mountain walls, dotted with distant sheep. At the head of the lake, beyond the delta of the inflowing stream, is a massive snow-capped peak which dominates the vista; it is part of a series of peaks that culminate, a little out of view, in Mount Bogda itself.
For those who live in the resort there is a small mess-hall by the shore. We eat here sometimes, and sometimes buy food from the vendors outside, who sell kabab and naan until the last buses leave. The kababs, cooked on skewers over charcoal braziers, are particularly good; highly spiced and well-done. Horse’s milk is available too from the local Kazakh herdsmen, but I decline this. I am so affected by the cold that Mr. Cao, the relaxed young man who runs the mess, lends me a spare pair of trousers, several sizes too large but more than comfortable. Once I am warm again, I feel a pre-dinner spurt of energy – dinner will be long in coming – and I ask him whether the lake is good for swimming in.
“Swimming?” Mr. Cao says. “You aren’t thinking of swimming, are you?”
“I thought I might,” I confess. “What’s the water like?”
He doesn’t answer me immediately, turning instead to examine some receipts with exaggerated interest. Mr. Cao, with great off-handedness, addresses the air. “People are often drowned here,” he says. After a pause, he continues. “When was the last one?” This question is directed at the cook, who is preparing a tray of mantou (squat white steamed bread rolls), and who now appears, wiping his doughy hand across his forehead. “Was it the Beijing athlete?” asks Mr. Cao.
On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, complete the statements agiven below with the help of options that follow:
(a) One benefit of sitting in the last row of the bus was that:
(i) the narrator enjoyed the bumps.
(ii) no one stared at him.
(iii) he could see the sunflowers.
(iv) he avoided the dullness of the city.
(b) The narrator was travelling to:
(i) Mount Bogda
(ii) Heaven Lake
(iii) a 2000 metre high snow peak
(c) On reaching the destination the narrator felt relieved because:
(i) he had got away from the desert.
(ii) a difficult journey had come to an end.
(iii) he could watch the snow peak.
(iv) there were thick quilts on the bed.
(d) Mount Bogda is compared to:
(i) a horizontal desert surface
(ii) a shining prism
(iii) a Constable landscape
(iv) the overcast sky
Answer the following questions briefly:
(e) Which two things in the bus made the narrator feel uncomfortable?
(f) What made the scene look like a Constable landscape?
(g) What did he regret as the bus climbed higher?
(h) Why did the narrator like to buy food from outside?
(i) What is ironic about the pair of trousers lent by Mr. Cao?
(j) Why did Mr. Cao not like the narrator to swim in the lake?
(k) Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following:
(i) sellers (para 4)
(ii) increased (para 7)
(a) (ii) no one stared at him.
(b) (ii) Heaven Lake.
(c) (iv) there were thick quilts on the beds.
(d) (ii) a shining prism.
(e) bumped about, bus window leaks inhospitably.
(f) beautiful view, ground green with grass, slopes dark with pine, a few cattle drinking at clear stream, masscovered stones.
(g) have brought nothing warm to wear
(h) have brought nothing warm to wear.
(i) a share pair of trousers too large but more than comfortable/wants to slim in a cool take.
(j) The lake was cold and not safe.
(k) (i) wondors (ii) exaggerated
You are Vikram/Sonia, an Hon’s graduate in history with specialization in Medieval India. You are well acquainted with places of historical interest in Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. You are looking for the job of tourist guide. Write an advertisement in about 50 words for the situations wanted column of a local newspaper. Your contact no. 999751234.
I am Sonia/Vikram, an Honors graduate in History in the field of Medieval India. I am currently looking for a job as a tourist guide. I am always passionate to visit new historical places. I am well versed in English, Hindi, German and French. This passion of mine has made me well acquaint with all the historical places of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. If looking for a candidate with this profile please contact on 999751234
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Far far from gusty waves these children’s faces.
Like rootless weeds, the hair torn round their pallor;
The tall girl with her weighed-down head.
(a) Who are these children?
(b) Which figure of speech has been used in the first two lines?
(c) Why is the tall girl’s head weighed down?
(d) What does the word, ‘pallor’ mean?
(a) The poet is talking about the children who go to the elementary school in a slum.
(b) The two figures of speech used in the two lines are:
Alliteration- “Far from gusty waves”
Simile- “Like rootless weeds”
(c) The head of the tall girl is weighed down because she is ill and exhausted.
(d) The word “pallor” describes the pale and unhealthy appearance of the slum children.
The peddler thinks that the whole world is a rattrap. This view of life is true only of himself and of no one else in the story. Comment.
The life of the peddler is bound with loneliness. This idea of being completely alone made the peddler a pessimist. After stealing the money, the peddler tried to escape through the forest but got lost. Left in despair, he recollected his own thoughts on the world being a giant rattrap. A sudden realization came to him that he had finally got himself caught in the rattrap because he allowed himself to be tempted by the bait, the thirty kronor bills. Even the kindness of the ironmaster and especially his daughter failed to make the peddler optimistic about the world. Unlike the other characters in the story, peddler is the only one who got succumbed to loneliness and is far away from the human bonds of love and sympathy that made him the cynic and consider the world as a rattrap.
Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across a screen,
Bright topaz denizens of a world of green.
They do not fear the men beneath the tree;
They pace in sleek chivalric certainty.
(a) Why are the tigers called Aunt Jennifer’s tiger?
(b) How are they described here?
(c) How are they different from Aunt Jennifer?
(d) What does the word, ‘chivalric’ mean?
(a) The tigers are called Aunt Jennifers tiger as they are knitted by her. With their chivalrous, ferocious, bright and carefree attitude, she creates an alternate world for herself.
(b) Aunt Jennifers tigers are described as ferocious, fearless, always harmful, sleek and chivalric.
(c) The tigers are depicted as brave, strong, confident and happy. They are fearless beings and the presence of men does not scare them at all. Contrarily, Aunt Jennifer is burdened by a life which, most probably, others chose for her.
(d) The word “chivalric” refers to the confidence of the tigers about their power and brevity in their actions.
Answer any four of the following questions in 30 – 40 words each:
(a) Why did Franz not want to go to school that day?
(b) What was Sophie’s ambition in life ? How did she hope to achieve that?
(c) What kind of pain does Kamala Das feel in ‘My Mother at Sixty-six’?
(d) How can ‘mighty dead’ be things of beauty?
(e) Why was the Maharaja once in danger of losing his kingdom?
(f) What was the basic plot of each story told by Jack?
(a) Franz did not want to go to school that day because not only he was late for the school but also because he had not even prepared his lesson on participles.
(b) Sophie wishes to rise above her middle class status and to obtain sophistication. She aspires to open a boutique or become an actress or fashion designer. Though she belongs to a middle class society, she never misses in taking a plunge because she is not the type who would accept regrets in life. Her dreams were sometimes proved unachievable to Sophie but she took the support of her dreams to fulfill her desires. She gracefully maintained the balance between reality and dreams and in this way, lived her unachievable dreams.
(c) When the poet looked at her mother’s face she found that it had become pale and withered. She realized that her mother was at the edge of her life and her end was near. The thought that her mother would be soon separated from her and that she would never see her again caused unbearable pain and ache in the poets’ heart.
(d) The glory of death lies in the promise of an eternal sleep which continues undisturbed without the usual earthly concerns and strife that plagues us daily. The dead also have a power over us, they do not leave us free but imprint themselves in our memory. The death live on in those who are alive.
(e) The Maharaja had not allowed the British officer to hunt tigers in his kingdom and so he had a fear of losing his own kingdom to the British. So, the King thought of a plan to lure the officer and his wife by extending some really expensive gift. So he ordered few rings worth three lakh of rupees from a jeweler and sent them to duraisani. The bill raised was the price of those rings.
(f) The basic plot of all the stories told by Jack dwelt with the idea that whether parents should always decide what their children should do or give the children the freedom to make their own choices or decision. It is visible from the clear contrast between the adults’ perspective of live and a childs own world view.
Answer the following question in 120-150 words:
Untouchability is not only a crime, it is inhuman too. Why and how did Bama decide to fight against it?
Bama first encountered untouchability when she saw an elder of her caste walking along the street from the direction of the bazaar. Initially the vision made her laugh but then she saw the elder walk up straight to the landlord, bowing low and extending the packet towards him. Bamas brother Annan explained her about the whole incident in detail. He explained that since they were born into a lower community, they were never given any honor, dignity or respect. They had all been stripped of the basic human rights. But if they studied and made progress they could shake off all these indignities. So he advised his sister to study hard and learn everything she could. If she was always ahead in her lessons then people would come to her on their own and attach themselves to her. These words that Annan had spoken to Bama made a very deep impression on her and motivated her to study hard. She stood first in her class and many of the children from upper caste became her friend. In this way, she rebelled against the injustice of untouchability.
Good human values are far above any other value system. How did Dr. Sadao succeed as a doctor as well as a patriot ?
As a doctor, Sadao knew the value of human life. He risked his own life by saving the American sailor, even though he knew that he could go to prison for hiding a prisoner of war. He cleaned the Americans wounds, fed him and nursed him back to health. When the American was feeling healthy, he gave him provisions such as food and a boat, and helped him to escape from Japan. As a Japanese citizen, he fulfilled his duty by telling the General about the American. Even though the General forgot to send his assassins, Sadao could not be blamed for the American escape. Thus we can say that Sadao carried out his responsibilities, as a doctor, and as a Japanese citizen both.
While walking in a park in your neighbourhood you found a small plastic bag containing some documents and some cash. Write a notice in about 50 words to be put on the park notice board asking the owner to identify and collect it from you. You are Amar/Amrita. 9560766379
March 09, 2017
A small plastic bag containing some documents and cash has been found near the second number gate of Lodhi Garden. The documents consist of some electricity bills and personal images. If anyone has lost such a bag or knows someone, please contact me on 9560766379.
B-67 Lodhi Colony