Name the major seaport which was developed just after independence on the western coast of India.
Give the meaning of 'digital divide’.
Unevenly distribution of opportunities emerging from the Information and Communication Technology based development is known as digital divide.
Name the seaport which was constructed to reduce the congestion at Kolkata port.
Study the map given below and answer the questions that follow:
(13.1) Name the railway line shown on this map.
(13.2) Name the terminal station of this railway along the Atlantic Coast.
(13.3) Why is this railway line known as 'economic artery' of the country through which it passes?
(13.1) Trans-Canadian Railway
(13.3) A loop line from Winnipeg to Thunder Bay (Lake Superior) connects this rail-line with one of the important waterways of the world. This line is the economic artery of Canada as wheat and meat are the important exports on this route.
What is truck farming?
The regions where farmers specialise in vegetables only, the farming is known as truck farming. The distance of truck farms from the market is governed by the distance that a truck can cover overnight, hence the name truck farming.
'There is mutual interaction between the elements of Physical Geography and Human Geography.' Support the statement with suitable examples.
Physical geography studies physical environment and human geography studies “the relationship between the physical/natural and the human worlds, the spatial distributions of human phenomena and how they come about, the social and economic differences between different parts of the world”.
Human beings interact with their physical environment with the help of technology. It is not important what human beings produce and create but it is extremely important ‘with the help of what tools and techniques do they produce and create’.
Differentiate between rural and urban settlements of India in three points.
The basic differences between rural and urban settlements are as follows:
(i) The rural settlements derive their life support or basic economic needs from land based primary economic activities, whereas, urban settlements, depend on processing of raw materials and manufacturing of finished goods on the one hand and a variety of services on the other.
(ii) Cities act as nodes of economic growth, provide goods and services not only to urban dwellers but also to the people of the rural settlements in their hinterlands in return for food and raw materials. This functional relationship between the urban and rural settlements takes place through transport and communication network.
(iii) Rural and urban settlements differ in terms of social relationship, attitude and outlook. Rural people are less mobile and therefore, social relations among them are intimate. In urban areas, on the other hand, way of life is complex and fast, and social relations are formal.
Define the term 'quaternary activities.’
Quaternary activities center around research, development and may be seen as an advanced form of services involving specialised knowledge and technical skills.