Why is the distribution of roads not uniform in India ? Explain with examples.
The distribution of roads is not uniform in the country.
i. Density of roads (length of roads per 100 square km of area) varies from only 10.48 km in Jammu and Kashmir to 387.24 km in Kerala with a national average of 75.42 km.
ii. The density of road is high in most of the northern states and major southern states. It is low in the Himalayan region, north-eastern region, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
iii. Nature of terrain and the level of economic development are the main determinants of density of roads.
iv. Construction of roads is easy and cheaper in the plain areas while it is difficult and costly in hilly and plateau areas.
v. Therefore, not only the density but also the quality of roads is relatively better in plains as compared to roads in high altitude areas, rainy and forested regions.
Locate and label the following on the given poltical outline map of India with appropriate symbols.
(i) The state having the highest density of population (2011).
(ii) The state with smallest rural population.
(iii) Mayurbhanj – an iron ore mining area.
(iv) An oil refinery in Karnataka state.
(v) The headquarter of South Central Railway Zone.