Why do indigenous people need special protection to protect their rights?
The reasons are-
(i) They have paid a huge cost for development.
(ii) They are the largest group among the people displaced by various developmental projects since independence.
Why is it said the collapse of Berlin Wall signified the collapse of the bi-polar world?
The Berlin wall symbolised the division between the capitalist and the communist world. The collapse of Berlin wall marked the unification of the two parts of Germany and the beginning of the end of the communist bloc.
State the main objectives of the ‘Human Rights Watch’.
Its main objectives is research and advocacy of human rights.
When and where was the 1st Non-Congress State Government formed after India’s independence?
In 1957, Kerala.
Why human security is more important in the contemporary world than territorial security?
Because it is the basis of a nation state.
State any one measures to deal with terrorism as a new source of threat to security.
Far more effective measures to deal with terrorism is to devise strategies that involve international cooperation. Cooperative security may also involve a variety of other players, both international and national.
How can Hegemony be overcome?
It can be overcome by:
(i) Operating within the hegemonic system to take advantage of the opportunities that it creates which is known as ‘bandwagon’ strategy.
(ii) Staying as far removed from the dominant power as possible.
Why do we need organisations like the U.N.?
UN is generally regarded as the most important international organisation in today’s world.
(i) It is indispensable and represents the great hope of humanity for peace and progress.
(ii) It also help countries cooperate to make better living conditions for us all.
What is meant by ‘Cold War’?
The Cold War referred to the competition, the tensions and series of confrontations between the United States and Soviet Union, backed by their respective allies.
Define ‘Shock Therapy’.
The model of transition in Russia, Central Asia and east Europe that was influenced by the world Bank and the IMF is known as ‘Shock Therapy’.