Explain any two reasons for the disintegration of the U. S. S. R.
Reasons for disintegration:
(i) The Soviet system became very bureaucratic and authoritarian, making life very difficult for its citizens.
(ii) Although Russia was only one of the fifteen republics that together constituted the USSR, in reality Russia dominated everything and people from other regions felt neglected and suppressed.
How many Permanent members and how many Non- permanent Members does the U. N. Security Council have?
In the UN Security Council, there are five permanent members and ten non-permanent members.
Explain the traditional concept of ‘Security’?
In traditional concept of Security, the greatest danger to a country is from military threats. The source of this danger is another country which by threatening military action endangers the core values of sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.
Why are International Organizations like the U. N. required?
International Organizations like the UN are required because:
(i) They help with matters of war and peace.
(ii) They also help countries to cooperate to make better living conditions for us all.
Correct the following statement and rewrite: ASEAN stands for “Association of South East African Nation”.
ASEAN stands for “Association of South East Asian Nation”.
What is meant by “Shock Therapy”?
The model of transition in Russia, central Asia and east Europe that was influenced by the ‘World Bank‘ and the IMF came to be known as ‘Shock Therapy‘. This was a transition from authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system.
On 11 September 2001, nineteen hijackers hailing from a number of Arab countries took control of four American Commercial Aircrafts shortly after takeoff and crashed them into the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center of the US.
Name the two superpowers responsible for Cold War. When did the world become unipolar?
The two superpowers responsible for cold war were- The US and The USSR. World became unipolar in 1991.
When was the ASEAN Regional forum established? What was it main objective?
ASEAN Regional Forum was established in 1994. The main objectives of ARF was to accelerate economic growth and through that achieve social progress and cultural development.