Subject

Biology

Class

NEET Class 12

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 Multiple Choice QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions

1.

Cell membrane in animals is composed mainly of the molecule of

  • lipids

  • proteins

  • lipids and proteins

  • carbohydrates


C.

lipids and proteins

Major constituents of plasma membranes are Protein(60%) and lipids(40%). The percentage of carbohydrates ranges from 1-10 which are in the form of glycoproteins or glycolipids.

Proteins may be extrinsic(peripheral) and intrinsic(integral) while lipids may be phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycolipids and sterols(eg- cholesterol).


2.

Which is gonadotropin hormone

  • GH

  • MSH

  • ADH

  • FSH and LH


D.

FSH and LH

Gonadotropins or gonadotropic hormones are as follows.

(a) Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) : It stimulates growth of ovarian follicles and their secretion of oestrogen in the female and spermatogenesis in the male.

(b) Interstitial Cell Stimulating Hormone (ICSH) : It activates the Leydig's cells of the testis to secrete androgens. In female it stimulates the corpus luteum of the ovary to secrete progesterone. In female ICSH is termed as LH (Luteinizing Hormone).


3.

Major nitrogenous waste product in ureotelic animals like rabbit and other mammals is

  • uric acid

  •  urea

  •  ammonia

  • amino acids


A.

uric acid

Urea is the main nitrogenous excretory product of ureotelic animals. It is produced by liver cells from deaminated excess amino acid via urea cycle or Omithine cycle. Urea is released outside the body in the form of urine through the kidneys.


4.

Which leaves the liver and moves towards kidney

  • Ammonia

  • Urea

  • Glycogen

  • Bile


B.

Urea

Urea is the main nitrogenous excretory product of ureotelic animals. It is produced by liver cells from deaminated excess amino acid via urea cycle or Omithine cycle. Urea is released outside the body in the form of urine through the kidneys.


5.

'Sea fan' belongs to

  • Coelenterata

  • Porifera

  • Echinodermata

  • Mollusca


A.

Coelenterata

Sea fan is common name of Gorgonia. It belongs to phylum-Coelenterata, class-Anthozoa and order-Gorgonacea.


6.

Food storage in Leucosolenia occur by

  • ostia

  • osculum

  • thesocyte

  • spongocoel


C.

thesocyte

Food storage in Leucosolenia occurs by thesocyte. Thesocytes have lobose pseudopodia and are filled with food reserves, thus, acting as storage cells.


7.

Trochophore is the larva of

  • Neopilina

  • Chiton

  • Pila

  • All of these


D.

All of these

Trochophore is cilliated, larval stage of polychaetes, mollsucs and rotifers. Neopilina, Chiton and Pila belong to phylum--Mollusca. Molluscan development is either direct or with metamorphosis through the trochophore stage.


8.

chloragogen cells help in 

  • respiration

  • reproduction

  • circulation

  • nutrition


D.

nutrition

Chloragogen cells or yellow cells are present in the region of intestine in Pheretima. The exact function of these cells is not fully known but it is believed that they are concerned with storage of reserve food and also excretory in function. Chloragogen cells are analogous to liver of vertebrates.


9.

Which one is single membrane cell organelle

  • Endoplasmic reticulam

  • Mitochondria

  • Lysosomes

  • Chloroplast


C.

Lysosomes

Endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and chloroplast are double-membraned cells organelle whereas lysosome is a single membrane cell organelle.


10.

Urine is concentrated in

  • kidney

  • deamination

  • arginine

  •  Omithine


A.

kidney

Urine formation takes place in kidney. It includes glomerular filtration (ultrafiltration), selective reabsorption and tubular secretion. Urine is stored temporarily in urinary bladder.