Subject

English Language And Comprehension

Class

SSCCGL Class 12

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 Multiple Choice QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions

194. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Bertrand Russell in The Conquest of Happiness has said that the sole reason of unhappiness finding refuge in the heart of man is the unhindered growth of 'self-centred passions'. These passions are more often materialistic. And in the pursuit of materialistic passions, man becomes alienated from the society. Failure in his pursuit often leads him to discontentment and dejection and he finds himself a misfit in this world. In the modern world, none is unaffected by stress. The stress to outdo the other in this mad rat race of consumerism often leads to depression. Even children are not spared from this. They are supposed to fare better than their classmates in examinations and other co-circular activities. So man, right from childhood, has to face the brunt of being born in this fast changing society.

A section of the youth, unable to cope with the expectations of their loved ones, either and their lives or experiment with drugs, for seeking temporary mental relaxation provided by the initial intake, encourages people to indulge in them more often. The body then becomes totally dependent on drugs and cannot survive without the daily dose. With regular intake the amount required to produce the effect also increases. This physical and mental dependence on drugs is called drugs addiction.

Drug addiction is psychiatric, psychological and social problem. While persons of all ages and at all places are open to drug use the most susceptible among them are the youth. It has attained the proportions of almost an epidemic among the youth. It is mostly introduced to an unsuspecting person by his friends and is usually observed that once addicted to drugs, they initiate others to drugs. Some youngsters take to drugs because they are poked fun at if they do not use drugs. And some take drugs just to seek company or break boredom. In addition to these, other factors that lead to drug addiction are - lack of parental care and supervision, lack of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes, hatred for any authority, etc. Seeking refuge in drugs relieves tensions, eases depressions and removes inhibitions, although the period of ecstasy is apparently short-lived.

Which of the following statements is true?





  • Drug addiction is a problem restricted to the youth

  • There is almost an epidemic of drug use among the youth

  • All youngsters take drugs just to break boredom

  • All youngsters take to drugs because they are mocked at if they do not use drugs


B.

There is almost an epidemic of drug use among the youth

83 Views

200. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicated by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves - the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self replicating computer programs which install themselves without the user's content. Viruses writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their host's computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish to explore artificial life and evolutionary alogrithms.

What is the synonym of 'vulnerability in the passage'?
  • Liability

  • Responsibility

  • Accountability

  • Susceptibility


D.

Susceptibility

110 Views

199. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicated by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves - the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self replicating computer programs which install themselves without the user's content. Viruses writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their host's computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish to explore artificial life and evolutionary alogrithms.

What is one of the motives of creating viruses?
  • To gain access to classified files

  • To corrupt hard drives

  • To exploit security knowledge

  • To sabotage and deny service


D.

To sabotage and deny service

85 Views

198. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicated by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves - the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self replicating computer programs which install themselves without the user's content. Viruses writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their host's computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish to explore artificial life and evolutionary alogrithms.

The vast majority of viruses evade antivirus softwares by
  • targeting Microsoft Windows systems

  • Using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies

  • exploiting detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities

  • inserting copies of itself into programs


B.

Using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies

84 Views

195. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Bertrand Russell in The Conquest of Happiness has said that the sole reason of unhappiness finding refuge in the heart of man is the unhindered growth of 'self-centred passions'. These passions are more often materialistic. And in the pursuit of materialistic passions, man becomes alienated from the society. Failure in his pursuit often leads him to discontentment and dejection and he finds himself a misfit in this world. In the modern world, none is unaffected by stress. The stress to outdo the other in this mad rat race of consumerism often leads to depression. Even children are not spared from this. They are supposed to fare better than their classmates in examinations and other co-circular activities. So man, right from childhood, has to face the brunt of being born in this fast changing society.

A section of the youth, unable to cope with the expectations of their loved ones, either and their lives or experiment with drugs, for seeking temporary mental relaxation provided by the initial intake, encourages people to indulge in them more often. The body then becomes totally dependent on drugs and cannot survive without the daily dose. With regular intake the amount required to produce the effect also increases. This physical and mental dependence on drugs is called drugs addiction.

Drug addiction is psychiatric, psychological and social problem. While persons of all ages and at all places are open to drug use the most susceptible among them are the youth. It has attained the proportions of almost an epidemic among the youth. It is mostly introduced to an unsuspecting person by his friends and is usually observed that once addicted to drugs, they initiate others to drugs. Some youngsters take to drugs because they are poked fun at if they do not use drugs. And some take drugs just to seek company or break boredom. In addition to these, other factors that lead to drug addiction are - lack of parental care and supervision, lack of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes, hatred for any authority, etc. Seeking refuge in drugs relieves tensions, eases depressions and removes inhibitions, although the period of ecstasy is apparently short-lived.

The cycle of drug addiction involves




  • initiation, rehabilitation and addiction

  • initiation, peer pressure and addiction

  • initiation, relaxation and addiction

  • initiation, relaxation and de-addiction


C.

initiation, relaxation and addiction

87 Views

193. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Bertrand Russell in The Conquest of Happiness has said that the sole reason of unhappiness finding refuge in the heart of man is the unhindered growth of 'self-centred passions'. These passions are more often materialistic. And in the pursuit of materialistic passions, man becomes alienated from the society. Failure in his pursuit often leads him to discontentment and dejection and he finds himself a misfit in this world. In the modern world, none is unaffected by stress. The stress to outdo the other in this mad rat race of consumerism often leads to depression. Even children are not spared from this. They are supposed to fare better than their classmates in examinations and other co-circular activities. So man, right from childhood, has to face the brunt of being born in this fast changing society.

A section of the youth, unable to cope with the expectations of their loved ones, either and their lives or experiment with drugs, for seeking temporary mental relaxation provided by the initial intake, encourages people to indulge in them more often. The body then becomes totally dependent on drugs and cannot survive without the daily dose. With regular intake the amount required to produce the effect also increases. This physical and mental dependence on drugs is called drugs addiction.

Drug addiction is psychiatric, psychological and social problem. While persons of all ages and at all places are open to drug use the most susceptible among them are the youth. It has attained the proportions of almost an epidemic among the youth. It is mostly introduced to an unsuspecting person by his friends and is usually observed that once addicted to drugs, they initiate others to drugs. Some youngsters take to drugs because they are poked fun at if they do not use drugs. And some take drugs just to seek company or break boredom. In addition to these, other factors that lead to drug addiction are - lack of parental care and supervision, lack of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes, hatred for any authority, etc. Seeking refuge in drugs relieves tensions, eases depressions and removes inhibitions, although the period of ecstasy is apparently short-lived.

What leads youth to drugs?





  • Undue competition of the modern world

  • Inability to cope with the demands of the modern world

  • Rapid changes in the modern world

  • All of the above


D.

All of the above

88 Views

196. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicated by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves - the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self replicating computer programs which install themselves without the user's content. Viruses writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their host's computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish to explore artificial life and evolutionary alogrithms.

What is the defining characteristic of a computer virus?
  • Its ability to affect the computer system

  • Its ability to hide itself

  • Its ability to self-replicate

  • Its ability to execute programs


C.

Its ability to self-replicate

77 Views

192.

You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Bertrand Russell in The Conquest of Happiness has said that the sole reason of unhappiness finding refuge in the heart of man is the unhindered growth of 'self-centred passions'. These passions are more often materialistic. And in the pursuit of materialistic passions, man becomes alienated from the society. Failure in his pursuit often leads him to discontentment and dejection and he finds himself a misfit in this world. In the modern world, none is unaffected by stress. The stress to outdo the other in this mad rat race of consumerism often leads to depression. Even children are not spared from this. They are supposed to fare better than their classmates in examinations and other co-circular activities. So man, right from childhood, has to face the brunt of being born in this fast changing society.

A section of the youth, unable to cope with the expectations of their loved ones, either and their lives or experiment with drugs, for seeking temporary mental relaxation provided by the initial intake, encourages people to indulge in them more often. The body then becomes totally dependent on drugs and cannot survive without the daily dose. With regular intake the amount required to produce the effect also increases. This physical and mental dependence on drugs is called drugs addiction.

Drug addiction is psychiatric, psychological and social problem. While persons of all ages and at all places are open to drug use the most susceptible among them are the youth. It has attained the proportions of almost an epidemic among the youth. It is mostly introduced to an unsuspecting person by his friends and is usually observed that once addicted to drugs, they initiate others to drugs. Some youngsters take to drugs because they are poked fun at if they do not use drugs. And some take drugs just to seek company or break boredom. In addition to these, other factors that lead to drug addiction are - lack of parental care and supervision, lack of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes, hatred for any authority, etc. Seeking refuge in drugs relieves tensions, eases depressions and removes inhibitions, although the period of ecstasy is apparently short-lived.

The theme being developed by the writer is

  • pressures of the modern world

  • problems emerging out of materialism

  • drug addiction

  • the conquest of happiness


C.

drug addiction

88 Views

191.

You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

Bertrand Russell in The Conquest of Happiness has said that the sole reason of unhappiness finding refuge in the heart of man is the unhindered growth of 'self-centred passions'. These passions are more often materialistic. And in the pursuit of materialistic passions, man becomes alienated from the society. Failure in his pursuit often leads him to discontentment and dejection and he finds himself a misfit in this world. In the modern world, none is unaffected by stress. The stress to outdo the other in this mad rat race of consumerism often leads to depression. Even children are not spared from this. They are supposed to fare better than their classmates in examinations and other co-circular activities. So man, right from childhood, has to face the brunt of being born in this fast changing society.

A section of the youth, unable to cope with the expectations of their loved ones, either and their lives or experiment with drugs, for seeking temporary mental relaxation provided by the initial intake, encourages people to indulge in them more often. The body then becomes totally dependent on drugs and cannot survive without the daily dose. With regular intake the amount required to produce the effect also increases. This physical and mental dependence on drugs is called drugs addiction.

Drug addiction is psychiatric, psychological and social problem. While persons of all ages and at all places are open to drug use the most susceptible among them are the youth. It has attained the proportions of almost an epidemic among the youth. It is mostly introduced to an unsuspecting person by his friends and is usually observed that once addicted to drugs, they initiate others to drugs. Some youngsters take to drugs because they are poked fun at if they do not use drugs. And some take drugs just to seek company or break boredom. In addition to these, other factors that lead to drug addiction are - lack of parental care and supervision, lack of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes, hatred for any authority, etc. Seeking refuge in drugs relieves tensions, eases depressions and removes inhibitions, although the period of ecstasy is apparently short-lived.

The reason cited by Bertrand Russell for the unhappiness of man is

  • failure in life

  • materialistic self-centredness

  • stress to outdo others

  • alienation from society


B.

materialistic self-centredness

111 Views

197. You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicated by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves - the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self replicating computer programs which install themselves without the user's content. Viruses writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their host's computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish to explore artificial life and evolutionary alogrithms.

How do virus writers gain access to computing resources?
  • By employing a variety of mechanisms

  • By using social engineering

  • By affecting computing networks

  • By executing malware


B.

By using social engineering

87 Views