Child Development and Pedagogy


TET Class 12

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 Multiple Choice QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions


As a teacher, you firmly believe in 'saying no to ragging and bullying' and put up posters and form committees in schools. The young adolescents who join you with strong beliefs, are at which of the following stages?

  • The conventional level

  • The pre-conventional level

  • The post-conventional level

  • Social order maintaining level


The post-conventional level

According to Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development, the given condition can be seen at the post-conventional morality level. In this level, individual judgement is based on self-chosen principles and moral reasoning is based on individual rights and justice.


Progressive education is associated with which of the following statements?

  • Teachers are the originators of information and authority

  • Knowledge is generated through direct experience and collaboration

  • Learning proceeds in a straight way with factual gathering and skill mastery

  • Examination is norm-referenced and external


Knowledge is generated through direct experience and collaboration

Progressive education empasises on
• learning by doing, hands-on projects, expeditionary learning, experimental learning.
• collaborative and co-operative learning projects


Psychosocial theory emphasises on which of the following?

  • Stimuli and Response

  • Phallic and Latency stages

  • Industry versus Inferiority stage

  • Operant Conditioning


Industry versus Inferiority stage

Industry versus inferiority is the fourth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychological development. The stage occurs during childhood between the ages of five and twelve. It is at this stage when children are encouraged and reinforced for their initiative, they begin to feel industrious and feel confident in their ability to achieve goals. If this initiative is not encouraged, if it is restricted by parents and teachers, then the child begins to feel inferior, doubting his own abilities and therefore may not reach his or her potential.


Retrieving hidden objects is an evidence that infants have begun to master. which of the following cognitive functions?

  • Intentional behaviour

  • Object-permanence

  • Problem-solving

  • Experimentation



According to Piaget, the development of object permanence is one of the most important accomplishments at the sensorimotor stage of development. Object-permanence is a child's understanding that objects continue to exist even though they cannot be seen or heard


Developmental perspective of teaching demands teachers to

  • be strict disciplinarians as children experiment quite frequently

  • adopt instructional strategies based on the knowledge of developmental factors

  • treat children in different developmental stages in an equitable manner

  • provide learning that results in the development of only the cognitive domain


adopt instructional strategies based on the knowledge of developmental factors

A teacher should adopt instructional strategies based on the knowledge of developmental factors. It is among the basic demands of developmental perspective of teaching.


In context of 'theory of multiple intelligences', which one of the following intelligence is required for an airforce pilot?

  • Interpersonal

  • Linguistic

  • Kinesthetic

  • Intrapersonal



The core· elements of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are control of one's bodily motions and the capacity to handle objects skillfully. Thus, kinesthetic intelligence is required for an airforce pilot.


Theory of social learning emphasises on which of the following factors?

  • Nature

  • Nurture

  • Adaptation

  • Emendation



In Social learning theory, Albert Bandura (1977) agrees with the behaviourist learning theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. However, he adds two important ideas, which are as follow
• Mediating processes occur between stimuli and responses.
• Behaviour is learned from the environment (nurture) through the process of observational learning


The fact that children require culturally relevant knowledge and skills is attributed to

  • Charles Darwin

  • BF Skinner

  • Urie Bronfenbrenner

  • Lev Vygotsky


Lev Vygotsky

Lev Vygotsky believed children's thinking is affected by the knowledge of the social community. He assumes cognitive development varies across cultures. For Vygotsky, the environment in which children grow up will influence how they think and what they think


Learners cannot learn unless

  • they are taught according to the needs of social aims of education

  • they know that the material being taught will be tested in the near future

  • they are not prepared to learn

  • they are asked about their learning in schools by their parents at home on a daily basis


they are not prepared to learn

Learning is a relatively permanent change in an individual's knowledge and behaviour that takes place through practice or experience. A learner cannot learn if he is not prepared to learn.


The factor 'g' in the Spearman definition of intelligence stands for

  • genetic intelligence

  • generative intelligence

  • general intelligence

  • global intelligence


general intelligence

In Spearman's definition of intelligence, the 'g' factor stands for general intelligence. He argued that 'g' factor or general intelligence formed the bedrock from which all other mental abilities developed.