Depending upon the location of centromere in a chromosome, the chromosome is classified into the following four types :
(a) Telocentric: Centromere is present at the terminals.
(b) Acrocentric: Centromere is present near the terminals resulting in two short arms and two long arms.
(c) Sub- metacentric : Centromere divides the chromosomes into two unequal arms. It lies either below centre or above centre.
(d) Metacentric : Centromere divides the chromosomes into two equal arms with the centromere in the middle.