System of Particles and Rotational Motion

Physics Part I

Physics

Download books and chapters from book store.

Currently only available for.

Currently only available for.

`CBSE`

`Gujarat Board`

`Haryana Board`

Download the PDF Question Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online.

Currently only available for.

Currently only available for.

`Class 10`

`Class 12`

Prove the result that the velocityÂ *vÂ *of translation of a rolling body (like a ring, disc, cylinder or sphere) at the bottom of an inclined plane of a heightÂ *hÂ *is given byÂ *v*^{2}Â = 2*gh*/ [1 + (*k*^{2}/*R*^{2}) ].

Using dynamical consideration (i.e. by consideration of forces and torques). NoteÂ*kÂ *is the radius of gyration of the body about its symmetry axis, and R is the radius of the body. The body starts from rest at the top of the plane.Â

Using dynamical consideration (i.e. by consideration of forces and torques). NoteÂ

A body rolling on an inclined plane of heightÂ

m

Total energy at the top of the plane,Â

Total energy at the bottom of the plane,Â

Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â = Â

ButÂ

âˆ´Â

Â Â Â =

From the law of conservation of energy, we have

âˆ´ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â

Hence, the result.Â

238 Views

Define centre of mass.

Centre of mass of a body or a system of bodies is a point at which the entire mass of the body or system is supposed to be concentrated.Â

1449 Views

What is the significance of defining the center of mass of a system?

The motion of n particle system can be reduced to one particle motion.

An equivalent single point object would enable us to discuss the overall motion of the system.Â

794 Views

Is it necessary for centre of mass to lie within the body?

No, centre of mass needs not to lie within the body. It is not necessary that the total mass of the system be actually present at the centre.

The position of the centre of mass is calculated using the usual Newtonian type of equations of motion.Â

The position of the centre of mass is calculated using the usual Newtonian type of equations of motion.Â

943 Views

What is the need of centre of mass?

Newtonâ€™s second law of motion is strictly applicable to point masses only. To apply the Newton's law of motion to rigid bodies, the concept of centre of mass is introduced.

The concept of centre of mass of a system enables us to discuss overall motion of the system by replacing the system by an equivalent single point object.Â

911 Views

Is it necessary that there should be matter at the centre of mass of system?

No, it is not necessary that there be matter at the centre of mass of the system.

For e.g., if two equal point masses are separated by certain distance, the centre of mass lies at the mid point of two point masses and there is no mass at that point.

730 Views