For most of gases like N2, O2, He etc. the value of Henry's constant, KH increases with temperature and as a result of this solubility of gases decreases with increase of temperature. We know, at given temperature.
Partial pressure of gas in solution = KH x mole fraction of gas in sol. KH depends on the nature of gas. For example, KH value of O2 at 293 K is 34.86 while at 393 K it is 46.82 kilo bar.
Molarity (M) is defined as number of moles of solute dissolved in one litre (or one cubic decimetre) of solution.
(a) Mol. mass of
Volume of solution = 4.3 L
(b) Number of moles present in 1000 ml of 0.5M H2SO4= 0.5 mol
therefore number of moles present in 30ml of 0.5M H2SO4=mol =0.015mol
therefore molarity =0.015/0.5L
thus molarity is 0.03M
Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride.
Let the total mass of the solution be 100g and mass of benzene be 30 g
therefore mass of tetrachloride= (100-30)g = 70g
Molar mass of benzene,
Molality (m) is defined as the number of moles of the solute per kilogram (kg) of the solvent and is expressed as:
Calculate (a) molality (b) molarity and (c) mole fraction of KI if the density of 20% (mass/mass) aqueous KI is 1.202 g mL-1.