Liquids at a given temperature vapourise and under
equilibrium conditions the pressure exerted by the vapours of the liquid over the liquid phase is called vapour pressure.
When a volatile solute is dissolved into, solvent then the vapour state solute and the solvent.
total vapour pressure above such a solution will be equal to the sum of the pressure exerted by the vapours of both solute and solvent.
Ptotal = total pressure of solution
When a non- volatile solute is dissovled then there is lowering in vapour pressure .
The lowering in vapour pressureisgiven by
Molality (m) is defined as the number of moles of the solute per kilogram (kg) of the solvent and is expressed as:
Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride.
Let the total mass of the solution be 100g and mass of benzene be 30 g
therefore mass of tetrachloride= (100-30)g = 70g
Molar mass of benzene,
Calculate (a) molality (b) molarity and (c) mole fraction of KI if the density of 20% (mass/mass) aqueous KI is 1.202 g mL-1.
Molarity (M) is defined as number of moles of solute dissolved in one litre (or one cubic decimetre) of solution.
(a) Mol. mass of
Volume of solution = 4.3 L
(b) Number of moles present in 1000 ml of 0.5M H2SO4= 0.5 mol
therefore number of moles present in 30ml of 0.5M H2SO4=mol =0.015mol
therefore molarity =0.015/0.5L
thus molarity is 0.03M