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 Multiple Choice QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions

1.

Hydrochloric acid in the stomach is secreted by some special type of cells called

  • peptic cells

  • goblet cells

  • oxyntic cells

  • gastric cells


C.

oxyntic cells

Parietal cells or oxyntic cells are the epithelial cells that secrete hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor. These cells are located in the gastric glands found in the lining of the fundus and in the cardia of the stomach.

These cells produce gastric acids.

Peptic cell is a cell in the stomach that releases pepsinogen and chymosin.

Goblet cells are found in the epithelium of many organs. Their main role is to secrete mucus in order to protect the mucous membranes.


2.

Food is move along the alimentary canal by the contraction known as

  • peristalsis

  • epiglottis

  • osmosis

  • cyclosis


A.

peristalsis

Peristalsis is a involuntary movements of gut by which food bolus is moved backword. It is least in rectum.


3.

In horses, rabbits, hares the cellulose gets digested in the

  • caecum

  • stomach

  • appendix

  • rumen


A.

caecum

Caecum is a small, pouch-like structure which ends into a tubular structure called vermiform appendix.


4.

Below freezing point, the pepsin

  • becomes over activated

  • gets destroyed

  • remains unaffected

  • gets inactivated


D.

gets inactivated

Pepsin is a non- specific protease. It gets activated at acidic pH (2.0) and is deactivated at neutral or alkaline pH. This is because pepsin moves from the stomach into the duodenum. 

The freezing temperature is a temperature at which liquid becomes solid. Pepsin gets inactivated below freezing point because low temperature inactivates the enzymes and increase the frequency of collisions and the formation of enzyme- substrate complex.


5.

Villi are present in

  • large intestine

  • small intestine

  • colon

  • stomach


B.

small intestine

Villi are present in small intestine. They increase surface area which is helpful in absorption.


6.

Fatty acids are absorbed by the

  • lacteals

  • pylorous

  • colon

  • capillaries


A.

lacteals

Lacteals are present in villus absorbed the fatty acids and glycerol molecules.

Pylorus is the opening from the stomach into the duodenum. It prevents intestinal contents from re- entering the stomach.

Colon is a part of large intestine. Its function is to reabsorb fluids and process waste products.

Capillary is a small blood vessel. They are the sites of transfer of oxygen and other nutrients from the bloodstream to other tissues in the body.


7.

The true stomach in ruminants where most of digestion takes place is

  • rumen

  • omasum

  • reticulum

  • abomasum


D.

abomasum

In ruminants (e.g., cow, goat and camel) the stomach is 4 chambered as follows

(a) Rumen (cellulose is digested)

(b) Reticulum (cellulose is digested)

(c) Omasum (absorb water)

(d) Abomasum (true stomach)


8.

A secretion that digests both carbohydrates and proteins is

  • ptyalin

  • pepsin

  • pancreatic juice

  • saliva


C.

pancreatic juice

Pancreatic juice acts upon both carbohydrates and proteins.


9.

The intestinal juice, succus entericus is secreted by

  • Brunner's gland

  • Kupffer cells

  • crypts of Leiberkuhn

  • goblet cells


C.

crypts of Leiberkuhn

Crypts of Leiberkuhn are multicellular, simple, tubular glands. The secretion of glands collectively called intestinal juices or succus entericus.

Brunner's glands are compound tubular sub- mucosal glands found in the portion of the duodenum.

Kupffer cells are the specialised macrophages loacted in the liver, lining the walls of the sinusoids.


10.

The pylorous is the constricted part of the alimentary canal which is situated between

  • stomach and duodenum

  • oesophagus and stomach

  • duodenum and ileum

  • ileum and rectum


A.

stomach and duodenum

Pylorous is constricted part of the alimentary canal present between stomach and duodenum. It is a cone- shaped constriction in the gastro- intestinal tract that connects to the duodenum.