Describe any three factors that control industrial location.
The factors that control industrial location are-
(i) Availability of raw materials
(iii) Power and Market
Three features (a), (b) and (c) are marked in the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map.
a. Coal mine
b. Silk Industry
c. International airport
(i) Kanpur − Cotton Textile Industry
(ii) Bhadravati − Iron and Steel Plant
(iii) Kandla − Sea Port
Explain the contribution of Giuseppe Mazzini in spreading revolutionary ideas in Europe.
Explain the role of women as warriors in Vietnam during the 1960s.
The contributions of Giuseppe Mazzini in spreading revolutionary ideas in Europe were -
(i) Mazzini put together a coherent programme for a unitary Italian Republic.
(ii) He had formed a secret society called Young Italy for the dissemination of his goals.
(iii) Mazzini’s relentless opposition to monarchy and his vision of democratic republics frightened the conservatives.
The role of women as warriors in Vietnam during the 1960’s were-
(i) Vietnamese women responded and joined the resistance movements.
(ii) Women nursed the wounded, constructed underground rooms and tunnels and fought the enemy.
(iii) Along the Ho Chi Minh trail, young women volunteers built six airstrips, kept open strategic roads, neutralised tens of thousands of bombs, transported tens of thousands of kilograms of cargo, weapons and food and shot down fifteen planes.
Explain with examples the two types of political movements.
The movement in Nepal and the struggle in Bolivia are the two political movements.
i. Movement in Nepal-Nepal witnessed a popular movement in April 2006. The movement aimed at restoring democracy and was about the foundational of the country’s politics.
ii. Movement in Bolivia-The popular struggle in Bolivia involved claims on an elected, democratic government. People of Bolivia were against the privatisation of the water.
Why are rules and regulations required in the market-place? Give three reasons.
Rules and regulations were formulated out of dissatification of the consumers as many unfair practices were being indulged in by the sellers. There was no legal system available to consumers to protect them from exploitation in the market place. For a long time, when a consumer was not happy with a particular brand product, he generally avoided buying that brand product, or would stop purchasing from that shop. It was presumed that it was the responsibility of consumers to be careful while buying a commodity or service.
It is required for promoting and protecting the interests of consumers against unethical and unfair trade practices such as rampant food shortages, hoarding, black marketing, adulteration of food and edible oil. It is required to look into the malpractices in ration shops and overcrowding in the road pasenger transport.
How did the plantation workers understand the idea of ‘Swaraj’? Explain.
The plantation workers understood the idea of Swaraj as-
(i) The right to move freely in and out of the confined space in which they were enclosed.
(ii) It meant retaining a link with villages from which they had come.
(iii) They interpreted the Swaraj in their own ways, imagining it to be a time when all sufferings and all troubles would be over.
“A consumer has the right to get compensation depending on the degree of the damage.”
Support this statement with an example.
Consumers have the right to seek redressal against unfair trade practices and exploitation. If any damage is done to a consumer, she has the right to get compensation depending on the degree of damage. There is need to provide an easy and effective public system by which this can be done. Under COPRA, a three-tier quasi-judicial machinery at the district, state and national levels was set up for redressal of consumer disputes.
Two features (1) and (2) are marked in the given political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:
(1) The place, where the Indian National Congress Session of September 1920 was held.
(2) The place, where the movement of Indigo Planters took place.
Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols on the same political outline map of India.
(i) Amritsar − The place of Jallianwala Bagh incident.
(ii) Bardoli − The place were no tax campaign was held.
1. The place, where the Indian National Congress session of September, 1920 was held is Calcutta.
2. The movement of Indigo planters took place in Champaran.
What are the harmful effects of MNCs to a host country? Give three examples.
The harmful impacts of MNCs to host countries are-
(i) MNCs are profit driven and are less concerned for the development of the host country.
(ii) The technology used are capital intensive and expensive which are not suitable to a developing country.
(iii) In some instances, labour laws are not properly implemented and the workers do not get their rights.
What is a trade barrier? Why did the Indian Government put up trade barriers after independence? Explain.
The trade barrier is a barrier where some restrictions have been set up.
The Indian government put up barriers after Independence because it was considered necessary to protect the producers within the country from foreign competition.