﻿ A shell of mass 0.020 kg is fired by a gun of mass 100 kg. If the muzzle speed of the shell is 80 m s–1, what is the recoil speed of the gun? from Physics Laws of Motion Class 11 Manipur Board

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A shell of mass 0.020 kg is fired by a gun of mass 100 kg. If the muzzle speed of the shell is 80 m s–1, what is the recoil speed of the gun?

Given,

Mass of the gun, M = 100 kg

Mass of the shell, m = 0.020 kg

Muzzle speed of the shell, v = 80 m/s

Recoil speed of the gun = V

Both the gun and the shell are at rest initially.

Initial momentum of the system = 0

Final momentum of the system = mv – MV

Here, the negative sign appears because the directions of the shell and the gun are opposite to each other.

Now, as per the law of conservation of momentum. we have

Final momentum = Initial momentum

mv – MV = 0

∴                   V = mv /

= 0.020 × 80 / (100 × 1000)

= 0.016 m/s
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