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Work, Energy and Power

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Physics Part I

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

The sign of work done by a force on a body is important to understand. State carefully if the following quantities are positive or negative:

(d) work done by an applied force on a body moving on a rough horizontal plane with uniform velocity

Positive quantity.

In this case, the body is moving on a rough horizontal plane. Frictional force opposes the motion of the body. Therefore, in order to maintain a uniform velocity, a uniform force must be applied to the body. Since the applied force acts in the direction of motion of the body, the work done is positive.

What are different units of energy?

The different units of energy are :

(i) Joule            
(ii) Erg
(iii) eV            
(iv) KWh
(v) Calorie.


Is work a scalar or a vector quantity?

Work is dot product of two vectors. i.e. F with rightwards arrow on top times S with rightwards arrow on top.

And dot product is a scalar quantity. Therefore, work is a scalar quantity. 

Define the unit joule.

Work done is said to be one joule if one newton of  force displaces the body through a distance of one meter in the direction of applied  force .

What is watt?

SI unit of power is Watt. 

Define watt.

Power is said to be one watt if one joule of work is done in one second.