Which one of the following pairs of organs includes only the endocrine glands? from Biology Human Reproduction Class 12 Nagaland Board
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Class 10 Class 12

Which one of the following pairs of organs includes only the endocrine glands?

  • Parathyroid and adrenal 

  • Pancreas and parathyroid

  • Thymus and testes

  • Adrenal and ovary


A.

Parathyroid and adrenal 

In the vertebrate body, the glands may be classified on the basis of presence or absence of ducts, ie exocrine and endocrine glands. The secretions of exocrine glands are carried by ducts to a particular organ for some metabolic activity, eg, salivary glands, liver. The endocrine glands have no ducts and their secretions get absorbed into the immediate surrounding blood circulation to reach the specific organs to initiate a particular metabolic change, eg, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, thymus.The glands, which have dual functions (ie, secretion of hormones and some other functions) are called heterochrony glands, eg, pancreas, testes, ovaries

In the vertebrate body, the glands may be classified on the basis of presence or absence of ducts, ie exocrine and endocrine glands. The secretions of exocrine glands are carried by ducts to a particular organ for some metabolic activity, eg, salivary glands, liver. The endocrine glands have no ducts and their secretions get absorbed into the immediate surrounding blood circulation to reach the specific organs to initiate a particular metabolic change, eg, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, thymus.The glands, which have dual functions (ie, secretion of hormones and some other functions) are called heterochrony glands, eg, pancreas, testes, ovaries

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The process of differentiation of spermatid into a spermatozoa is known as :
  • spermatogenesis
  • gametogenesis
  • spermiogenesis
  • oogenesis

C.

spermiogenesis
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Which of the following shows hermaphroditism and self fertilization ?
  • Earthworm
  • Tapeworm
  • Both A & B
  • Rotifers.

B.

Tapeworm
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Primary spermatocyte produces 4 spermatozoa, but primary oocyte produces :
  • 1 ovum
  • 2 ova
  • 3 ova
  • 4 ova

A.

1 ovum
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Ovulation takes place :
  • 2 weeks before the start of next menstrual cycle
  • 14th day of 28 days cycle
  • 10 days after the cease of previous monthly cycle
  •  All the above are correct.

B.

14th day of 28 days cycle
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The chromosone in primary spermatocyte are :
  •  22 + X 
  • 22+Y
  • 44 + XX
  • 44 + XY

D.

44 + XY
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