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Class 10 Class 12
Examine the illustration of a portion of the defective crystal given below and answer the following questions:
(i) What are these types of vacancy defects called?
(ii) How is the density of a crystal affected by these defects?
(iii) Name one ionic compound which can show this type of defect in the crystalline state.
(iv) How is the stoichiometry of the compound effected?

(i) These type of vacancy defects are called Schottky defects.
(ii) This defect decreases the density of the crystal.
(iii) NaCl shows this type of defect in the crystalline state.
(iv) This is the point defect which does not disturb stoichiometry of the solid.

1259 Views

Why is glass considred a super-cooled liquid?

Glass is amorphous solids and  have a tendency to flow, though very slowly. Therefore, these are called pseudo solids or super cooled liquids .
1368 Views

Classify the following as amorphous or crystalline solids: Polyurethane, naphthalene, benzoic acid, teflon, potassium nitrate, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass, copper.

Amorphous solids: Polyurethane, teflon, cellophane, polyvinyal chloride, fibre glass.
Crystalline solids: naphthlene, benzoic acid, potassium nitrate, copper.
1237 Views

Refractive index of a solid is observed to have the same value along all directions. Comment on the nature of this solid. Would it show clevage property?

Refractive index of a solid which have the same value along all directions are isotropic in nature. It would not show cleavage property.
1055 Views

Why are solids rigid?

Solids are rigid because the internuclear distance between the  molecules of a solid are very less and closely packed and their positions are fixed due to the strong forces of attraction between them.
2488 Views

Why do solids have a definite volume?

A solid have a definite volume because the inter molecular distance  between its molecules are fixed.
1439 Views