ï»¿ What percent of space is utilised by spheres in (i) simple cubic, (ii) face-centered cubic, (iii) body-centered cubic structure? from Chemistry The Solid State Class 12 Nagaland Board

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What percent of space is utilised by spheres in (i) simple cubic, (ii) face-centered cubic, (iii) body-centered cubic structure?

(i)Packing efficiency in simple cubic lattice = 52.4%,
(ii)packing efficiency in face-centred  cubic lattice =  74%,
(iii) packing efficiency in body centred cubic lattice =  68%.
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Classify the following as amorphous or crystalline solids: Polyurethane, naphthalene, benzoic acid, teflon, potassium nitrate, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass, copper.

Amorphous solids: Polyurethane, teflon, cellophane, polyvinyal chloride, fibre glass.
Crystalline solids: naphthlene, benzoic acid, potassium nitrate, copper.
1237 Views

Why is glass considred a super-cooled liquid?

Glass is amorphous solids and  have a tendency to flow, though very slowly. Therefore, these are called pseudo solids or super cooled liquids .
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Refractive index of a solid is observed to have the same value along all directions. Comment on the nature of this solid. Would it show clevage property?

Refractive index of a solid which have the same value along all directions are isotropic in nature. It would not show cleavage property.
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Why do solids have a definite volume?

A solid have a definite volume because the inter molecular distance  between its molecules are fixed.
1439 Views

Why are solids rigid?

Solids are rigid because the internuclear distance between the  molecules of a solid are very less and closely packed and their positions are fixed due to the strong forces of attraction between them.
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