﻿ Giving reasons, state whether the following statements are true

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## CBSE Class 12 Economics Solved Question Paper 2013

11.

Explain “large number of buyers and sellers” features of a perfectly competitive market.

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12.

Production in an economy is below its potential due to unemployment. Government starts employment generation schemes. Explain its effect using production possibilities curve.

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13.

Explain the conditions of producer’s equilibrium with the help of a numerical example.

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14.

The price elasticity of demand for a good is − 0.4. If its price increases by 5 percentage, by what percentage will its demand fall? Calculate.

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15.

Explain any two factors that affect the price elasticity of demand. Give suitable examples.

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16.

Giving reasons, state whether the following statements are true or false.
A monopolist can sell any quantity he likes at a price.

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# 17.Giving reasons, state whether the following statements are true or false.When equilibrium price of a good is less than its market price, there will be competition among the sellers.

True, when equilibrium price of a good is less than its market price then there will be competition among the sellers. At a price lower than market price, there will be more supply. This is explained with the help of the following diagram.

In the above diagram, point E is the equilibrium point, where the market demand curve DD and the market supply curve SS intersects each other. At this point the equilibrium price is OP and the equilibrium quantity is OQe

Now, suppose the market price is OPo, the equilibrium price is less than the market price. At this price the market demand is OQd and the market supply is OQs. Clearly, market supply is more than the market demand. So, there exists a situation of excess supply. Due to excess supply, there will exist competition among the sellers.

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18.

Explain the Law of Variables Proportions with the help of total product and marginal product curves.

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19.

Explain consumer’s equilibrium with the help of Indifference Curve Analysis.

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20.

Explain the relationship between prices of other goods and demand for the given period.

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