Physical Education


CBSE Class 12

Pre Boards

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Sample Papers

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 Multiple Choice QuestionsShort Answer Type


Elucidate the role of individual in improvement of Sports environment.

 Role of an individual in improvement of sports environment; An individual can" playa very effective role in the improvement of sports environment for prevention of sports related accidents. For this purpose a we!! planned and coordinated programme should be chalked out to minimise the accidents in the field of sports. So, an individual must have the knowledge of such factors which may cause accidents in sports. An individual must have the knowledge of fitness, skill, psychological status and overall intelligence of players He must lay stress on sports facilities, protective equipments, climatic conditions and proper officiatory and coaching.



Distinguish between hostile and favourable spectators.

 (a) Hostile Spectators. Hostile Spectators are those spectators whose behaviours and attitudes are not positive and appropriate. Such spectators create disturbance to the players. Such spectators usually create hinderences in the path of creating positive sports environment.
(b) Favourable Spectators. Favourable Spectators are those spectators who love fair play. They always appreciate the good movement or action of a player. They usually try to motivate the players to put up better p·erformance. Such spectators are beneficial for creating a positive sports environment.



What are proteins?

Proteins. Proteins mean the best substance from foodstuffs. Proteins are compounds, which are formed by the combination of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. Proteins help in growth and development. These repair the tissues of our body. These are also significant in our mental development.



What are the causes of round shoulders?

Causes of Round Shoulders: 
1. Round shoulders may be due to heredity.
2. Sitting. standing and walking In bent position may also result in round snoulders.
3 By wearing very tight clothes.
4, Sitting on improper furniture.
5, Lack of proper exercise specially of shoulders may also lead to round shoulders.
6, To become habitual to press the chest. specially at the time of bench press.



What is Pranayama?

Pranayama; Pranayama is the control of the process of breathing. It means the appropriate control over inhalation and exhalation, Basicaliy. there are three constituents of pranayama, ie .. Puraka (Inhalation), Kumbhaka (Retaining the breath) and Rechaka (Exhalation). There are various types of pranayama such as Ujjayi, Suryabhedi, Sheelkari, Sheelah, Bhastrika, Bhramari, Murcha and Plavini. It helps in metabolic activities and enhances the function of heart and lungs. It also provides longevity to life.



Explain procedure for giving 'Bye'?

A team which gets a bye will not play in the first round. Bye is a privilege given to a team generally by drawing of lots, exempting it from playing a match in the first round. Method of deciding Bye: We check whether teams participating is a power of two or not. Such as 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 etc. In case the team is not a power of two then Bye shall be given. e.g., if number of teams participating are 13. Next higher power of two is 16.
Number of Bye = 16 – 13 = 3 Bye


What is Ethics in Sports?

Ethics in Sports. Ethics is a set of principies of right conduct. So, ethics in sports means to have an ideal conduct and knowledge of good and evil and what should be done and what should not be done by the persons, who are engaged in the field of sports and games.



Explain any two components of wellness, in brief.

Two components of wellness:
(a) Emotional Wellness; Emotional wellness is also one of the important components of wellness. It lays stress on reducing stress and tension. For improving emotional well ness, an individual should avoid overload, watch comedy films, keep busy in recreational activities. He should keep distance from sadistic company. He should learn to laugh heartily. He should take anger and stress management activities.
(b) Social Wellness; Social wellness lays stress on improving social and communication skills of an individual. For developing and improving social well ness, an individual should create positive and lasting first impression. He should be riistinguished. He should earn respect. He should try to speak in public. H'3 should make others feel important. He should pay usual visits to neighbours and friends.



Define Cardiovascular endurance.

Cardiovascular Endurance; Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of heart to deliver blood, oxygen and nutrients present in it to the working muscles for a prolonged period. In other words, it can be said that it is the physical ability to maintain aerobic exercise for prolonged period of time. 



Differentiate between Aerobic and Anaerobic activities.

Aerobic means "with oxygen," and anaerobic means "without oxygen." Anaerobic exercises is the type where you get out of breath in just a few moments, like when you lift weights for improving strength, when you sprint, or when you climb a long flight of stairs.