﻿ A satellite of mass m revolves around the earth of radius R at a height x from its surface. If g is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth, the orbital speed of the satellite is from Physics Gravitation Class 11 Manipur Board

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A satellite of mass m revolves around the earth of radius R at a height x from its surface. If g is the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth, the orbital speed of the satellite is

• gx

D.

The gravitational force exerted on satellite at a height x is

where Me = mass of earth Since, gravitational force provides the necessary centripetal force, so,

The gravitational force exerted on satellite at a height x is

where Me = mass of earth Since, gravitational force provides the necessary centripetal force, so,

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What is Geocentric theory?

According to the geocentric theory, all the astronomical bodies like the moon, the sun and stars revolve around the earth, and the earth is at the centre of the universe.
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What is the celestial sphere?

At night, if we see the planets and the stars in the sky, all appear to lie in the hemisphere (rest of the hemisphere we are unable to see because of being on the other side of the earth). This sphere is called the celestial sphere.
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What is Heliocentric theory?

According to the Heliocentric theory, the sun is at the centre and various planets revolve around the sun at their axis.
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Is Geodesic always a straight line?

No, Geodesic is a straight line if and only if,  the two points lie on the flat surface. If the two points lie on the curved surface then it is a curved line.
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The position co-ordinates of two particles of masses m1 and m2are (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) respectively. Find the coordinates of the centre of mass.

The position vectors of masses m1 and m2 are respectively,

Let the position coordinates of the centre of mass be (X, Y, Z).

Therefore the position vector of centre of mass is,

Since,

Comparing the coefficients of  , we get

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