Located in the western part of India, Jaisalmer in Rajasthan is known as the "Golden City of India" because the yellow sand and the yellow sandstone used in every architecture of the city gives a yellowish-golden tinge to the city and its surrounding area.
It is much closer to India – Pakistan border and is famous for its sandstone, coloured forts, Jain temples and well-constructed streets. Once known as Jaisalmer state, it is a world heritage site.
Jaisalmer Fort located here, locally known as Sonar Quila is one of the largest forts in the world, built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, from where it originates its name.
Jaisalmer fort stands amidst the sandy expanse of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill, and has been the scene of many battles.
Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion colour during the day, fading to honey-gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason, it is also known as the Sonar Quila or Golden Fort.