Politics today has been turned into a fruitful business by the very politicians and the political parties in India. The politics experienced, whether at the Panchatyat level or in Parliament bears the imprint of the dynasty. Almost all the political parties in India are dynasty oriented, where the family lineage, subsides all other attributes. This shoddy attribute of dynastic politics has degenerated the political abode of the country, into a swampy domain for the rest.
The facet of dynastic politics is believed to be spawned by non-other than the Indian National Congress, the oldest party in existence today. It started with Pt. Nehru in the party and where three generations of the family were successfully turned into the Prime Ministers of the country, and till date, the command of the party is in the grip of the same Gandhi family. The newly minted regional parties have drawn inspiration from this family oriented party to launch themselves as a family fiefdom. The specimens of this are reinforced by the Abdullah in Kashmir, Mulayam Singh Yadav in Uttar Pradesh, Laloo Yadav in Bihar, Badals in Punjab, KC Rao in Telangana etc. The verdict of the general election of 2014, was virtually gauged as a vote against the dynastic politics.
A political party riddled with dynasty is characterised as a weak organisation and is contradictory to the thesis of democratic ideals. It is also the chief reason why politics in India has failed to evolve as a profession among the citizens. Here, the voice of the primary members of the party are stifled and the dogmatic views of the family are imposed. Here, political cadre becomes subservient to the family, instead of being bonded by the ideology of the party. A dynasty party turns the state into a family fiefdom and thereby siphon the public resources to perpetuate familial engrossment over the societal. These also deter the people with acumen from venturing into politics, as they stand disadvantaged in a political atmosphere defined by familial lineage. It has also bred nepotism that has muddled the electoral practices in India. Barring the communist and the BJP, almost all the parties are infested with the syndrome of dynastic politics.
Although the shackles of colonialism of the queen had shattered, but the dynasty in politics has fettered the country from cherishing the true ideals of political equality enshrined in the constitution. The political system should not be reserved for the privileged, but should act as a catalyst to those who aspire to preserve the sanctity of democratic ideals.